The term motivation can be described in many different formats and views, but according to dr stephen p robbins, this is the process that account for an individuals intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal (s p robbins, organizational behaviour 9ed, p155). Different cognitive theories of motivation are usually divided into two contrasting approaches1 : content theories and process theories content theories attempt to explain those specific things, which actually. Subject: commerce paper: management concepts and organisational behaviour module: process theories of motivation (com) content writer: dr namita rajput ms. Concepts definition the content and process theories of motivation provide human resource managers with the basic understanding of personal needs deficiencies, and how these needs can be transformed into motivated behavior.
In general, process-based theories take the mental processes of employees into account as a way to understand their motivation equity theory equity theory is about perceived fairness. Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: content and process theories content theories deal with “what” motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals. Content theory vs process theory difference between content theory and process theory is that, content theory emphasizes on the reasons for changing the human needs frequently while process theory focuses on the psychological processes which affect motivation, with regard to the expectations, goals, and perceptions of equity.
- definition, process & types motivation in management describes ways in which managers promote productivity in their employees learn about this topic, several theories of management, and ways in . Theories of motivation motivation theories seek to explain why employees are motivated by and satisfied with one type of work than another it is essential that mangers have a basic understanding of work motivation because highly motivated employees are more likely to produce a superior quality product or service than employee who lack motivation . The process theories of motivation whereas the content theories concentrate on the question of 'what' motivates, the process theories address more the issues relating to how the process works and sustains itself over time, such as factors that determine the degree of effort, the continuation of effort, the modification of effort, etc. Content and process theories october 26, 2016 by abhijeet pratap filed under: management motivation is generally understood as the drive or the desire to do things. Motivation- process and theories “we can take a horse to water but cannot make it to drink”, so goes a saying a motive is the inner drive or desire that causes a person to act.
Process theories on the other hand are concerned with the cogntive anticedents that go into mativaion of at work they study the process involved in work motivation the ones to be discussed include. This theory suggests that there are actually two motivation systems: intrinsic and extrinsic that corresponds to two kinds of motivators: intrinsic motivators are those motivators which come from the actual performance of the task or job --the intrinsic interest of the work like achievement, responsibility and competence. The content theory of motivation mainly focuses on the internal factors that energize and direct human behavior process theories of motivation provide an opportunity to understand thought processes that influence behavior.
These theories paved the way to process-based theories that explain the mental calculations employees make to decide how to behave exercises many managers assume that if an employee is not performing well, the reason must be a lack of motivation. Content theories of motivation are one of the types of motivation theory in the field of organizational behavioral studies, there are two different categories called content theories (also known as need theory) and process theories. The psychological and behavioral processes that motivate a person to act in a particular way are referred to as process theories of motivation in essence, these theories examine how a person's needs will affect his behavior in order to achieve a goal related to those needs.
One of the most widely accepted explanations of motivation is offered by victor vroom in his expectancy theory” it is a cognitive process theory of motivation the theory is founded on the basic notions that people will be motivated to exert a high level of effort when they believe there are relationships between the effort they put forth . The work motivation theories can be broadly classified as content theories and process theories the content theories are concerned with identifying the needs that people have and how needs are prioritized.
Process theories of motivation are not enough you need a clear distinction between process and content for effective management and leadership. Cognitive theories of motivation seek to explain human behavior as a product of the careful study and active processing and interpretation of information received. 3 years ago • cognitive theories, descriptive theories, learning theories & models, motivation theories • 0 summary: flow is an optimal psychological state that people experience when engaged in an activity that is both appropriately challenging to one’s skill level, often resulting in immersion and concentrated focus on a task. The equity theory of motivation is a process theory that explores an individual’s motivation to work based on the fairness or sense of equality he detects in the relationship, comparing the amount of effort he puts into any given situation to the benefits he is receiving.